SDG 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries
Inequalities have widened across and within many countries, even amid high rates of economic growth. Disparities, caused by practices within countries and in the global economy, are unjust and weaken the social fabric.
Today, more women are in the workforce, in politics, in leadership roles, breaking stereotypes and societal taboos. Yet, gender discrimination makes women prone to deeper disparities. Globally women earn 24 per cent less than men, with varied gaps between countries. They are also more likely than men to be in vulnerable employment, with up to 75 per cent of women’s jobs being informal or unprotected in developing countries. Worldwide, 83 per cent of domestic workers are women—most are not legally entitled to a minimum wage.
Further, gender discrimination can intersect with other types, such as regarding age, disability ethnicity, economic status and so on, multiplying the burden of inequalities many times over. Social norms that treat women as second-class citizens in many cases translate into structural obstacles to progress, such as laws that fail to punish perpetrators of gender-based violence. Or budgets that do not fund the services women need most.
Whether the issue is fiscal policy or safe migration or improved regulation of global financial markets, different and potentially unequal outcomes for women and men must be recognized. Only then can deliberate actions be taken to correct them, within and across countries.
UN Women works to reduce inequality within and among countries through advocacy for decent work, social protection and gender-sensitive economic policies around the world. The entity’s mandate is focused on empowering women and reducing gender inequality in all spheres, whether by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices or promoting appropriate legislation, policies and actions. UN Women advocates for employment policies that improve labour market conditions and advance decent work for women, as well as making sure domestic workers can migrate safely and receive social protection.
Towards safer work and migration for women
UN Women supports advocacy for national economic and social policies and legislation to regulate migration and protect women migrant workers, as well as frontline services, information and capacity-building. A new UN report details global efforts and persisting gaps in addressing violence against women migrant workers.
Reaching out with public services across rural Moldova
Offering advice on the job market, agriculture and land laws, the innovative “one-stop shop” model has already helped more than 10,000 women and men, in Moldova’s countryside.
 UN Women (2015), Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016: Transforming economies, realizing rights, Chapter 2.
 International Labour Organization (2011), Global and Regional Estimates on Domestic Workers (Policy Brief No. 4), p. 6.