Training in Kenya boosts deployment of female military officers for peacekeeping

Date: Wednesday, December 14, 2016

Captain Grace Ajierh during the FMOC-5 held in Nairobi Kenya. Photo: UN Women/Kennedy Okoth
Captain Grace Ajierh during the FMOC-5 held in Nairobi Kenya. Photo: UN Women/Kennedy Okoth

For Captain Grace Ajierh, joining the army was a dream come true. “It started with the love of the uniform and with the responsibilities that came with it,” she reminisces about her motivation to join the armed forces. “When I wear the uniform, I feel at home.”

Captain Ajierh, from Kenya, is among 41 female military officers from 31 countries who just completed the fifth edition of the Female Military Officers Course co-organized by UN Women and the International Peace Support Training Center (IPSTC) in Nairobi, Kenya, from 28 November – 9 December. The training provided opportunities for professional advancement to the immensely talented women in the armed forces and encouraged the deployment of more women from troop-contributing countries, particularly for protection related tasks.

Kenya is ranked first in the world, among troop-contributing countries that essentially make up the UN peacekeeping troops, for the deployment of female military officers. More than 19 per cent of the Kenyan peacekeeping troops deployed in the field, including military experts, are women, followed by South Africa at 18 per cent. Sixteen years since the landmark UN Security Council resolution 1325, which called for women’s participation in peacebuilding, and in spite of the growing recognition of women’s pivotal role in securing lasting peace, they constitute only three percent of the UN peacekeeping operations, overall [1].

Captain Ajierh is currently in charge of Legal Affairs at the Kenyan defence headquarters. She had served in the UN mission in South Sudan, first as a legal officer, then as a Platoon Commander of an all-women platoon, a rarity. “We were able to come up with a platoon strength of only female peacekeepers in the mission, which is not something that you get every day,” stresses Ajerh. She is proud that Kenya is ahead of most in terms of deployment of female peacekeepers.

(From fourth Left – Right) Counsellor, Gender and Governance at Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, Ms. Riikka Raatikainen; Director of International Peace Support Training Center (IPSTC), Brigadier Patrick Nderitu; Kenya’s Ministry of Defence Policy and Strategic Planning Director, Ms. Alice Kiarie; UN Women Country Director, Ms. Zebib Kavuma; along with facilitators and participants during the fifth edition of Female Military Officers course. Photo: UN Women/Kennedy Okoth
(From fourth Left – Right) Counsellor, Gender and Governance at Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, Ms. Riikka Raatikainen; Director of International Peace Support Training Center (IPSTC), Brigadier Patrick Nderitu; Kenya’s Ministry of Defence Policy and Strategic Planning Director, Ms. Alice Kiarie; UN Women Country Director, Ms. Zebib Kavuma; along with facilitators and participants during the fifth edition of Female Military Officers course. Photo: UN Women/Kennedy Okoth

The training was officially opened by the Kenya’s Ministry of Defence Policy and Strategic Planning Director, Ms. Alice Kiarie; Counsellor, Gender and Governance at Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, Ms. Riikka Raatikainen; UN Women Country Director, Ms. Zebib Kavuma and the Director of International Peace Support Training Center (IPSTC) Brigadier Patrick Nderitu.

“The Course is very effective. I am coming from a mission in South Sudan and everything that I was charged to do there is relevant to what I am learning now. These are gender-related issues, women’s issues, looking at the aspects of how vulnerable groups are affected and how I can be effective in my role as a peacekeeper,” said Captain Ajierh about the training. She is confident that the training will help her in future deployment and she is better equipped to train female peacekeepers on gender-related issues.

For Major Catherine Kipngok, an officer in charge of personnel services at the Kenya Defense Forces, who has been deployed in two peacekeeping missions in South Sudan and in Central Africa Republic, the training has been an eye-opener. “I wish I had attended this course before going there,” she said. “There is a lot that I could have done as a female military officer if I had this knowledge prior to being deployed.”

To date, 200 female military officers from all over the world have participated in the two-week course supported by the governments of Netherlands, Finland, Australia and Norway, and hosted previously by the governments of South Africa, India, China, and now Kenya.

In her opening remarks at the training, UN Women Country Director, Zebib Kavuma said: “Women, men, girls and boys experience violence before, during and after armed conflicts differently and have different vulnerabilities, insecurities and coping mechanisms. However, the reality remains that women and girls continue to pay a high toll, given the gender roles assigned by society and their vulnerabilities. Therefore, the policy frameworks and response efforts should include gender equality as one their guiding principles.”

Recently, more than 60 countries, including Kenya, committed to double the number of women in the military in peacekeeping operations by 2020, and to reach at least 15 per cent of female representation among military experts. UN Women in Kenya has supported the Ministry of Defence to develop its first-ever gender policy to integrate gender concerns into the work of the Ministry.

Notes

[1] UN Security Council (2016). Report of the Secretary-General on women, peace and security, p. 7.