Facts and Figures: Peace and Security
At the peace table:
- Out of 585 peace agreements from 1990 to 2010, only 92 contained any references to women.
- In 2013, more than half of all peace agreements signed included references to women, peace and security.
- From 1992 to 2011, fewer than 4 per cent of signatories to peace agreements and less than 10 per cent of negotiators at peace tables were women.
- In conflict-affected countries, women’s share of seats in parliament is four points below the global average of 22 per cent and occupy only 13 per cent of ministerial positions.
- Women head only 19 per cent of all UN field missions.
- In the summer of 2014, six women ambassadors served on the UN Security Council, putting women’s representation at an unprecedented 40 per cent.
Health, education, and livelihood:
- Approximately half of out-of-school children of primary school age live in conflict-affected areas. Girls, whose net enrolment rate in primary education is only 73.4 per cent in conflict and post-conflict countries, are particularly affected.
See related infographic.
- Maternal mortality is 2.5 times higher, on average, in conflict and post-conflict countries.
- Only 9 per cent of landholders in conflict and post-conflict countries are women, compared to 19 per cent globally.
Justice and security:
- Since 2000, women have made up, on average, 25 per cent of commissioners in truth and reconciliation commissions.
- 97 per cent of military peacekeepers and 90 per cent of police personnel are men.
- Female voters are four times as likely as men to be targeted for intimidation in elections in fragile and transitional States.
- 27 countries retain legal provisions preventing mothers from conferring their nationality to children on an equal basis as fathers, which can lead to children being stateless.
- 40 per cent of convictions of individuals at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia include sexual violence charges.
- Reports from the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the extent of conflict-related sexual violence range from 18 per cent to 40 per cent among women and girls and between 4 and 24 per cent among men and boys.
- One in four households of all Syrian refugee families in Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq and Jordan are headed by women. In Mali, more than 50 per cent of displaced families are headed by women.
- Before the 1994 genocide in Rwanda, the average age for marriage for a girl was between 20 and 25 years. In the refugee camps during and after the genocide, the mean age for marriage was 15 years.
- The rate of early marriage among Syrian refugee girls in Jordan is 51 per cent.
Peacebuilding and recovery:
- In the context of early recovery programmes, only 22 per cent of funds from cash contributions were directly disbursed to women in 2013.
- In 2013, between 25 and 28 per cent of beneficiaries of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes were women and girls.
- Only one per cent of spending in security sector reform is allocated to initiatives which consider gender equality a significant objective.
- In a sample of six post-conflict countries, less than eight per cent of spending was specifically budgeted to empower women or promote gender equality.
 Bell, Christine and C. O’Rourke, 2010, “Peace Agreements or Pieces of Paper? The Impact of UNSC Resolution 1325 on Peace Processes and their Agreements,” International and Comparative Law Quarterly, p. 59.
 UN Report of the Secretary-General on women and peace and security, 24 September 2014, S/2014/693. p. 12.
 Inter-Parliamentary Union, 2014. Parline database query and UN Report of the Secretary-General on women, peace and security, 24 September 2014, S/2014/693. p. 13.
 UN Report of the Secretary-General on women and peace and security, 24 September 2014, S/2014/693. p. 15.
 Ibid. p. 11.
 Estimates provided by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics 2014 for SG report S/2014/693. p. 25-26.
 UN Women calculations based on data from Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group estimates and birth estimates of the Population Division’s World Population Prospects. Cited in the SG report, S/2014/693. p. 27.
 UN Women calculations based on individual country figures provided by DPKO, DPA, and DFS in March 2014. Cited in SG report S/2014/693. p. 18.
 30 out of 74 convictions, according to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia website, accessed October 2014.
 Data provided by UNDP’s monitoring strategy tracking disbursements allocated to women beneficiaries in the context of temporary employment and productive livelihood projects. Cited in UN Report of the Secretary-General on women and peace and security, 24 September 2014, S/2014/693. p. 23.
 UN Women calculations based on data provided by DPKO and UNDP, cited in SG report S/2014/693. p. 24.
 UN Women, UNDP, PBSO, 2014, “Summary of Findings of Seven Point Action Plan Baseline Study” (available upon request).
 UN Women, 2012, “What Women Want: Planning and Financing for Gender-Responsive Peacebuilding” in UN Women Sourcebook on Women, Peace and Security. p. 5.
[Page updated October 2014.]