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This report explores some key indicators of women’s economic empowerment in labour markets and women’s political participation and economic leadership in the Indian Ocean Rim region through three dimensions: resources, agency, and achievements. It highlights good practices, case studies, and challenges and opportunities for investments and initiatives, and provides key recommendations for Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Member States and other stakeholders to realize women’s economic empowerment in the region.
Women’s economic empowerment in fisheries in the blue economy of the Indian Ocean Rim: A baseline report
This report examines the roles of women in fisheries and aquaculture in countries of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) and the challenges and opportunities for their economic empowerment. The report provides a set of recommendations for policymakers and other stakeholders to further advance gender equality and women’s economic empowerment in this sector.
Analysing data from 11 national household surveys, this research found that, while women typically earn less than men and pay more in transfer fees, the average remittance amounts they send are the same as or even greater than those of men, implying that they tend to remit a larger portion of their earnings than do men. The research also showed that migrant women are more dependent on in-person cash transfer services to send remittances.
Championing gender equality and women’s leadership in the HIV response: The experiences of five programme countries
This advocacy kit summarizes the results and lessons learned from Cambodia, Jamaica, Kenya, Papua New Guinea and Rwanda under the European Commission–UN Women programme, entitled “Supporting Gender Equality in the Context of HIV and AIDS (2009–2013)”. The programme demonstrated transformational changes that can result from targeted investments towards implementing commitments on gender equality in the HIV response and empowering women and girls, especially those living with HIV.