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Investing in free universal childcare in the Republic of North Macedonia: Analysis of costs, short-term employment effects and fiscal revenue
This paper examines the case for investing in free universal childcare services in North Macedonia in order to reduce gender inequality in employment, labour market activity and earnings; promote higher human capital through greater enrolment of children in early childhood learning and development; and ensure equal access to all children in formal childcare as to foster the life chances and well-being of young children.
The 2007-2008 global financial crisis and subsequent austerity policies have jeopardized the realization of women’s economic and social rights. The resulting job losses, decreased social services, and increased economic insecurity have weakened the capacity of people to perform unpaid care work. In this paper, UN Women calls on States to meet their human rights obligations by taking a transformative approach to economic and social policy and designing recovery policies that promote gender equality and women’s rights.