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This report encourages the reader to take into account the complexities of the trade and gender link and its numerous, and sometimes hidden, connections with the micro and macro components of economic and development processes. The research also highlights that Uruguay’s legal framework as well as social norms and stereotypes contribute to the role that women play in the labour market and society.
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This teaching material explores the consequences of trade for women’s economic empowerment and well-being and the impact of gender inequality on trade.
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The objective of this volume is to explain to readers how to carry out empirical analysis of the impact of trade on gender inequality.
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This paper presents summaries of the seven country case studies undertaken by UNCTAD during the period 2010-2014 on the topic of trade liberalization from a gender perspective. The case studies are on Rwanda, The Gambia, Lesotho, Cape Verde, Angola, Bhutan and Uruguay. The studies are part of UNCTAD’s activities on trade, gender, and development carried out by the organization in accordance with its mandate.
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This report is a preliminary assessment of the gender-specific impact of transnational corporations. It focuses mainly on gender equality, spanning the wage and employment impact of TNCs, and the related potential for women's empowerment.
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The study, Who is Benefiting from Trade Liberalization in Rwanda? A Gender Perspective, attempts to assess the impacts of Rwanda's trade policies on women and examines their role the country's economy. The report found that Rwanda has acknowledged the importance of gender equality and women's empowerment as tools for development and has made remarkable advances in furthering the status of women and girls - especially in education and political participation.
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The aim of this policy brief is to highlight some linkages between gender and economics, especially trade, in the context of the post-2015 development agenda and propose future targets and indicators for the areas covered by Goals 3 and 8. Indeed, only if women are economically empowered can they benefit from the opportunities arising from expanded trade. In turn, trade can play its role of “enabler” of development if flanking economic and social policies are in place.
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Gender equality is central to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) mandate to achieve food security for all by raising levels of nutrition, improving agricultural productivity and natural resource management, and improving the lives of rural populations. FAO can achieve its goals only if it simultaneously works towards gender equality and supports women’s diverse roles in agriculture and rural development.
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This study seeks to explore the impacts of Angola's integration into the world economy mainly as an oil exporter and in particular, to analyse whether there is a gender bias in the effects of trade.
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This report provides an overview of the work carried out by the Gender and Trade Unit at in the Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities in UNCTAD.
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This report sets out a detailed analysis of the fisheries sector and its prospects for value-addition and social inclusiveness, with a focus on women.
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This publication is intended for Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA) staff and other development practitioners. The publication records experiences gained and good practices identified by participants, and summarizes the lessons learned by drawing on the experiences of smallholder female farmers in India. The publication also documents the models that make SEWA of India an exemplary organization in addressing grass-roots issues using a needs-based, capacity-development approach.
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This report explores how gender equality can contribute to food security. The report describes the relationship between gender-based discrimination and the different channels through which households and individuals access food. It concludes that while equality of treatment between women and men and food security are mutually supportive, gender equality remains an elusive goal in many regions, and a transformation of traditional gender roles is urgently needed.
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United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNACTD) aims to contribute to the analysis of the linkages between trade policy and gender equality, and to the related international debate, by looking at specific country experiences. This study is one in a series of case studies that are being conducted by UNCTAD in six developing and least developed countries, namely Angola, Bhutan, Cabo Verde, Lesotho, Rwanda and Uruguay.
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Promoting decent employment is essential to achieving food security and reducing poverty. This Case for Action argues that improving policy coherence between employment and agricultural initiatives and investing more in the promotion of decent rural employment contribute highly to the interlinked challenges of fighting rural poverty and feeding a growing world population in a sustainable way.
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United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) aims to contribute to the analysis of the linkages between trade policy and gender equality, and to the related international debate, by looking at specific country experiences. This study is one in a series of case studies that are being conducted by UNCTAD in six developing countries, namely Angola, Bhutan, Cabo Verde, Lesotho, Rwanda and Uruguay.
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The present report, submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 64/140, reviews the activities undertaken by Member States and United Nations entities to empower rural women and contains recommendations for consideration by the Assembly.
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Policies to expand trade and to promote Bhutan´s unique overall goal of maximizing "gross national happiness" should be linked to strategies for educating women and enhancing their positions in society and in the economy, a new United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) study says.
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The State of Food and Agriculture 2010–11 makes the "business case" for addressing gender issues in agriculture and rural employment. The agriculture sector is underperforming in many developing countries, in part because women do not have equal access to the resources and opportunities they need to be more productive. Promoting gender equality is not only good for women; it is also good for agricultural development.
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Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on the topic of women in rural areas.