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This report encourages the reader to take into account the complexities of the trade and gender link and its numerous, and sometimes hidden, connections with the micro and macro components of economic and development processes. The research also highlights that Uruguay’s legal framework as well as social norms and stereotypes contribute to the role that women play in the labour market and society.
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This teaching material explores the consequences of trade for women’s economic empowerment and well-being and the impact of gender inequality on trade.
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The objective of this volume is to explain to readers how to carry out empirical analysis of the impact of trade on gender inequality.
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This paper presents summaries of the seven country case studies undertaken by UNCTAD during the period 2010-2014 on the topic of trade liberalization from a gender perspective. The case studies are on Rwanda, The Gambia, Lesotho, Cape Verde, Angola, Bhutan and Uruguay. The studies are part of UNCTAD’s activities on trade, gender, and development carried out by the organization in accordance with its mandate.
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This report is a preliminary assessment of the gender-specific impact of transnational corporations. It focuses mainly on gender equality, spanning the wage and employment impact of TNCs, and the related potential for women's empowerment.
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The study, Who is Benefiting from Trade Liberalization in Rwanda? A Gender Perspective, attempts to assess the impacts of Rwanda's trade policies on women and examines their role the country's economy. The report found that Rwanda has acknowledged the importance of gender equality and women's empowerment as tools for development and has made remarkable advances in furthering the status of women and girls - especially in education and political participation.
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The aim of this policy brief is to highlight some linkages between gender and economics, especially trade, in the context of the post-2015 development agenda and propose future targets and indicators for the areas covered by Goals 3 and 8. Indeed, only if women are economically empowered can they benefit from the opportunities arising from expanded trade. In turn, trade can play its role of “enabler” of development if flanking economic and social policies are in place.
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The study offers the latest and regional information and projections on several indicators of the labour market, including employment, unemployment, working poverty, gender gaps and vulnerable employment.
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This report distills vast data and hundreds of studies to shed new light on constraints facing women and girls worldwide, from epidemic levels of gender-based violence to biased laws and norms that prevent them from owning property, working, and making decisions about their own lives. It highlights promising reforms and interventions from around the world and charts an urgent agenda for governments, civil society, development agencies and other stakeholders.
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The AIDS response is producing exciting results and we can already foresee a time when the AIDS epidemic could end. Yet, the promises of science, politics and economic development will not be realized if we do not unite with women against violence as an integral part of the HIV response.
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The 2014 Human Development Report “Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience” shows that overall trends in human development are positive. Yet, people at all ages are also facing threats and challenges to their well-being, including by natural or human-induced disasters and crises.
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Gender equality is central to the United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) mandate to achieve food security for all by raising levels of nutrition, improving agricultural productivity and natural resource management, and improving the lives of rural populations. FAO can achieve its goals only if it simultaneously works towards gender equality and supports women’s diverse roles in agriculture and rural development.
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This study seeks to explore the impacts of Angola's integration into the world economy mainly as an oil exporter and in particular, to analyse whether there is a gender bias in the effects of trade.
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UN Women’s Strategic Plan 2014-2017 and its annexes are presented to the Executive Board for endorsement.
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This report provides an overview of the work carried out by the Gender and Trade Unit at in the Division on International Trade in Goods and Services, and Commodities in UNCTAD.
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This report sets out a detailed analysis of the fisheries sector and its prospects for value-addition and social inclusiveness, with a focus on women.
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This publication is a collection of evidence-based papers by scholars and practitioners that explore the interconnections between gender equality and sustainable development across a range of sectors and development issues such as energy, health, education, food security, climate change, human rights, consumption and production patterns, and urbanization.
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This paper highlights some of the key gender inequalities in fisheries and aquaculture value chains that lead to marked underperformance by women, and proposes some good practice policies that can lead to sustainable increases in production, processing and marketing of high-quality fish; increases in women's incomes and those of their families; and a reduction in household food insecurity and malnutrition among the poor.
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This report explores how gender equality can contribute to food security. The report describes the relationship between gender-based discrimination and the different channels through which households and individuals access food. It concludes that while equality of treatment between women and men and food security are mutually supportive, gender equality remains an elusive goal in many regions, and a transformation of traditional gender roles is urgently needed.
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The 2013 Human Development Report examines the rise of the south and identifies more than 40 developing countries that have done better than expected in human development in recent decades, with their progress accelerating markedly over the past 10 years.