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Violence against women and girls is an unacceptable violation of basic human rights. It also is so widespread that ending it must be a public health priority. An estimated one in three women is beaten, coerced into sex or otherwise abused by an intimate partner during her lifetime. Intimate partner violence has been shown to increase the risk of HIV infection by around 50 per cent, and violence (and the fear of violence) deters women and girls from seeking services for HIV prevention, treatment, care and support.
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The AIDS response is producing exciting results and we can already foresee a time when the AIDS epidemic could end. Yet, the promises of science, politics and economic development will not be realized if we do not unite with women against violence as an integral part of the HIV response.
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The purpose of this handbook is to provide national human right institutions with tools and guidance on how to integrate reproductive rights into their work.
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The findings of this assessment indicates that gender-related barriers pose significant obstacles to the uptake of services that prevent new HIV infections among children and keep mothers alive—obstacles that require urgent attention. Without dedicated attempts to overcome these gender-related barriers, current efforts will meet with limited success, and the needs and rights of both women and children will remain compromised.
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The State of World Population 2012 explains why family planning is a right, examines the challenges in ensuring that all women, men and young people are able to exercise that right and suggests actions that governments and international organizations can take to give everyone the power and the means to decide freely and responsibly how many children to have and when to have them.
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The High-Level Meeting on AIDS took place in 2011. More than 30 Heads of State, Government and Vice-Presidents attended the meeting. On the final day of the High-Level Meeting on AIDS, UN Member States adopted a resolution which will guide country responses to HIV over the next five years.
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This guidance document provides step-by-step guidance on how to integrate human rights and gender equality dimensions throughout an evaluation process. This handbook integrates guidance on the two concepts of “human rights” and “gender equality” to take advantage of the synergies and overlap between these mutually reinforcing concepts, including the understanding that while gender equality is a human right, it is also a dimension of development in its own right.
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This report examines a number of success stories in the fight against HIV. Examples come from countries such as Zimbabwe, Myanmar, Nigeria and the Caribbean region.
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Developed in partnership with the UN Independent Expert on Minority Issues and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), this United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Resource Guide and Toolkit clarifies the conceptual issues and fundamental principles on the promotion and protection of minorities; the standards to engage them and increase their opportunities for participation and representation in development processes.
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Development strategies should be more culturally sensitive to the promotion of human rights, especially women's rights, theUnited Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) annual report 2008-2009 finds, warning that otherwise many projects in poor countries are likely to fail.
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Half of international migrants’ 95 million are women and girls. Yet, despite substantial contributions to their families at home and communities abroad, the needs of migrant women continue to be overlooked and ignored. The State of World Population 2006 report examines the scope and breadth of female migration, the impact of the funds they send home to support families and communities, and their disproportionate vulnerability to trafficking, exploitation and abuse.