SDG 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
The sustainable development goals seek to change the course of the 21st century, addressing key challenges such as poverty, inequality, and violence against women.
Women’s empowerment is a pre-condition for this.
Women have a critical role to play in all of the SDGs, with many targets specifically recognizing women’s equality and empowerment as both the objective, and as part of the solution. Goal 5 is known as the stand-alone gender goal because it is dedicated to achieving these ends.
Deep legal and legislative changes are needed to ensure women’s rights around the world. While a record 143 countries guaranteed equality between men and women in their Constitutions by 2014, another 52 had not taken this step . In many nations, gender discrimination is still woven through legal and social norms.
Stark gender disparities remain in economic and political realms. While there has been some progress over the decades, on average women in the labour market still earn 24 per cent less than men globally. As of August 2015, only 22 per cent of all national parliamentarians were female, a slow rise from 11.3 per cent in 1995 .
Meanwhile, violence against women is a pandemic affecting all countries, even those that have made laudable progress in other areas. Worldwide, 35 per cent of women have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence . UN Women joined the voices of many global actors in pointing out that violence was absent from the Millennium Development Goals.
Women have a right to equality in all areas. It must be embedded across legal systems, upheld in both laws and legal practices, including proactive measures such as quotas. Since all areas of life relate to gender equality, efforts must be made to cut the roots of gender discrimination wherever they appear.
UN Women works to empower women and girls in all of its programmes. Advancing women’s political participation and leadership and economic empowerment are two of the entity’s central goals. UN Women supports more women to get on ballots, attain political office and go to polls to vote. We assist women to secure decent jobs, accumulate assets, and influence institutions and public policies, while underlining the need to recognize, reduce and redistribute the burden on women for unpaid care. We promote women’s role and leadership in humanitarian action, including in conflict-prevention and efforts to ensure peace and security. We advocate for ending violence, raise awareness of its causes and consequences and boost efforts to prevent and respond, including ensuring the rights of women living with HIV. We also work to ensure that governments reflect the needs of women and girls in their planning and budgeting, and engage men and boys, urging them to become champions of gender equality, including through our HeForShe initiative.
Advocacy and laws confront trafficking across the Arab States
A three-year anti-trafficking programme supported by the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women is boosting legal enforcement against the crime in Egypt, Jordan and Morocco.
Malawi Chief annuls 330 child marriages
In a country where half of girls are married before age 18, UN Women played a key role in lobbying for a new law that raises the legal age to wed, while raising awareness and working with traditional leaders to annul marriages.
‘Ready for the lists’, say Uruguayan women
A new series of commercials featuring public figures, as well as workshops and support for women politicians from all parties, and a UN Women Fund for Gender Equality project to broaden the current quota law are all stimulating the participation of women in decision-making in Uruguay.
New law in fYR Macedonia spurs action, bringing protection to many
With support from UN Women, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia adopted a new law against domestic violence in 2014, which expanded the definition of violence against women and introduced training on gender equality in the formal education system and for civil society service providers.
Working to stem the tide of post-earthquake migration in Nepal
Post-earthquake, the number of migrant workers, including women, seeking to leave Nepal is on the rise and UN Women and partners have intensified awareness programmes and economic empowerment efforts in affected districts.
 UN Women Constitutional Database. 2014
 UN Women (2015), Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016: Transforming economies, realizing rights, Chapter 2.
 Inter-Parliamentary Union (2015), Women in national parliaments.
 World Health Organization (2013), Global and Regional Estimates of Violence against Women: Prevalence and health effects of intimate partner violence and non-partner sexual violence, p. 2.