Facts and figures: Women and girls during the war in Gaza

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People cross the road in front of a commercial shop destroyed by bombardment in the historic Azzawieh Market in Gaza City.
People cross the road in front of a commercial shop destroyed by bombardment in the historic Azzawieh Market in Gaza City. Photo: UNICEF/Omar Al-Qattaa

Updated as of 19 January 2024

Following the 7 October 2023 brutal attack by Hamas on Israel, and the ensuing Israeli military bombardment of Gaza, UN Women has worked to analyse the differentiated impact on women, men, boys, and girls, to ensure adequate responses to their needs.

Facts and figures: Women and girls during the war in Gaza

In Israel, the October 7 attack killed some 1,200 people, including many women and at least 33 children. UN Women is alarmed by the numerous accounts of gender-based atrocities and sexual violence during those attacks, and since. In addition, some 250 people, including approximately 65 women, were abducted.

Hundreds of thousands of civilians in Gaza have spent months living under unbearable conditions. Nearly 1 million women and girls have been displaced, and more than 24,620 Palestinians have been killed. UNICEF have called Gaza the "most dangerous place to be a child".

The people of Gaza are in the midst of an epic humanitarian catastrophe. Four in five Gazans already face hunger and starvation, according to the World Food Programme, and there is risk of famine. The data below, consisting of estimated figures, offers a snapshot of how women and girls in Gaza have endured attacks and displacement, as well as social and economic disruptions, since 7 October.

UN Women has had an office in Palestine since 1997 to help women achieve their social, economic, and political rights.** We remain present on the ground in Gaza and the West Bank to provide support and assistance and will do so for as long as it takes.

UN Women calls for an immediate humanitarian ceasefire as well as the immediate and unconditional release of all hostages and sustained and unrestricted humanitarian access to facilitate the entry and provision of assistance, including food, water, fuel, and health supplies at the scale required to meet the full needs of women and girls in the Gaza Strip.

70 per cent
70%

of civilian fatalities were women or children*

951,490 women and girls have been displaced from their homes
951,490

women and girls have been displaced from their homes*

3,000+ women have become the heads of their households following their male partner’s death
3,000+

women have become widows, and new heads of households, following their male partner’s death*

10,000+ children have lost their fathers
10,000+

children have lost their fathers*

2 mothers are killed every hour in Gaza*
2

mothers are killed every hour in Gaza*

50,000 women in Gaza are pregnant, with 5,522 expected to deliver in the next month
50,000

women in Gaza are pregnant, with 5,522 expected to deliver in the next month*

*Estimates by UN Women based on data from the Gaza Media Office. Pregnancy estimates from UN Population Fund.

** UN Women does not have a programme presence in Israel.