Spotlight on SDG11: Harsh realities: Marginalized women in cities of the developing world
Authors/editor(s): Ginette Azcona, Antra Bhatt, Sara Duerto, and Tanu Priya Uteng
For women and girls, urbanization is often associated with greater access to education and employment opportunities, lower fertility rates, and increased independence. Yet women are often denied the same benefits and opportunities that cities offer to men. Moreover, women are frequently excluded from efforts to create more equitable and sustainable cities. Women living in urban slums particularly endure multiple hardships, with basic needs such as durable housing and access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities often going unmet.
This analysis, based on data from 59 low- and middle-income countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Central and Southern Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa, finds that women and their families bear the brunt of growing income inequality and failures to adequately plan for and respond to rapid urbanization. The data show that in 80 per cent of countries analysed, women are overrepresented in urban slums among those aged 15 to 49. At the root of this phenomenon are gender-based inequalities that limit women’s access to education, secure and durable housing, and asset ownership.
This publication is part of the “Spotlight on the SDGs” series.
Subject area(s): 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; Access to basic services; Economic empowerment; Ending violence against women and girls; Governance and national planning; Local development; Poverty; Safe Cities and Safe Public Spaces; Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs); Urban development
Series: Spotlight on the SDGs
UN Women office involved in publication: UN Women Headquarters
Publication year: 2020
Number of pages: 14