Invest and mobilize to end violence against women

Women and men around the world wear orange. Photos (L-R):UN Women/Stephanie Raison, UNDP/Tiago Zenero, UN Women/Ellie van Baaren, UN Albania/Olsi Beci, UN Women/Niels den Hollander
Photos (L-R):UN Women/Stephanie Raison, UNDP/Tiago Zenero, UN Women/Ellie van Baaren, UN Albania/Olsi Beci, UN Women/Niels den Hollander

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One in three women around the world experience violence in their lifetime, often in the hands of someone they know, love and trust. Of all women who were victims of homicide globally in 2012, almost half were killed by intimate partners or family members.

“The price of no change is unacceptable”

Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka. (Photo: Marco Grob.)

In her statement for International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on 25 November, UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka highlights effective interventions, and reiterates that the pandemic of violence against women and girls can end, but it will need commitment and investment, nationally and internationally. Read more»

Violence against women and girls, a gross human rights violation, devastates lives, causes untold pain, suffering and illness. It also incurs high economic costs. A recent study estimated that the cost of intimate-partner accounted for 5.2 per cent of the global economy [1].

Beyond the direct medical and judicial costs, violence against women takes a toll on household and national budgets through lost income and productivity. In Viet Nam, for example, expenditure and lost earnings resulting from domestic violence was estimated at 1.4 per cent of GDP in 2010 [2]. In the United Kingdom, the cost of domestic violence in 2009, including service-related costs, lost economic output and human and emotional costs, amounted to GBP 16 billion [3].

Deep-rooted inequality in the roles, rights and opportunities of men and women, and attitudes and social norms that condone or normalize such violence, have made the problem tenacious, but not inevitable. With laws to protect women and punish perpetrators, services to rebuild women’s lives and comprehensive prevention that starts early, ending violence against women and girls can become a reality. Yet, robust funding for efforts to end this violence remains woefully insufficient.

This year, for the global 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence Campaign, from 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, to 10 December, Human Rights Day, the UN Secretary-General’s campaign UNiTE to End Violence against Women’s call for action is themed ‘Orange the World: Raise Money to End Violence against Women and Girls’, to amplify and address the funding shortfall. Download the action toolkit.


Why money matters in ending violence against women and girls

When world leaders adopted the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015, they recognized that ending violence against women and girls is a pre-requisite for the achievement of the development agenda. Goal 5 on gender equality includes a specific target to end all forms of violence against women, including trafficking, other forms of sexual violence and harmful practices. Yet, the resources dedicated to addressing the issue do not match the scale of the challenge.

Donate to end violence against women

Allocating adequate resources to prevent and address violence against women is not only a legal obligation and a moral imperative, but a sound investment too.

The US anti-violence law of 1994 provided USD 1.6 billion in programmatic support over five years through increased penalties for perpetrators, improved resources for police, prosecutors and those providing services for survivors. Researchers estimated that savings of USD 14.8 billion were achieved by cutting direct property losses, physical and psychological health-care needs, policing, victim services, lost productivity, reduced quality of life and fatalities [4].

A recent multi-country study in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and Timor-Leste found that the cost of delivering a minimum package of essential services (over three fiscal years) for women and girls who experience violence amounted to 0.31 per cent of the GDP for Timor-Leste and 0.25 per cent of the GDP for the Lao People’s Democratic Republic in 2015 [5]—a fraction of the cost of the consequences of violence.

All available evidence shows that even relatively small-scale investments that are timely and well integrated can bring enormous benefits to women and their communities. Donate to support efforts to end violence against women and girls worldwide.

Quiz

Snapshots of Orange the World events in 2016

This year, UN Women and partners around the world are marking the 16 Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence (25 November – 10 December) under the theme of ‘Orange the World: Raise Money to End Violence against Women and Girls’. A host of public events will galvanize global attention and action to end the pandemic of violence against women. From marches in Uganda, Serbia and Timor-Leste, to a public rally on motorbikes in Pakistan, people will take to the streets to say no to violence, and iconic buildings will light up in orange. See more»


Snapshots of Orange the World events in 2015


Photo essay

Chhun Srey Sros, 24, lives in Sangkat Chaom Chao and works in a Cambodian factory where UN Trust Fund and its partner, CARE, have developed and distributed educational materials and a sexual harassment policy for the work place. Photo: UN Women/Charles Fox
Photo: UN Women/Charles Fox

Made in Cambodia, a day in the life of Chhun Srey Sros, a garment factory worker
In Cambodia, 70 per cent of women are engaged in vulnerable employment; more than 500,000 work in garment and footwear factories. Empowering women to exercise their rights to decent work, UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women (managed by UN Women on behalf of the UN system) is working closely with partners to ensure discrimination and violence-free work environments in Cambodian factories.


From where I stand

This editorial series captures the unique and powerful stories of people around the world, through compelling first-person accounts of their daily sustainable development challenges and how they are bringing about change. Read more»

Aiturgan Djoldoshbekova and her mother Aigul Alybaeva. Photo: UN Women/Theresia Thylin

“Since my childhood I have seen girls and women not being treated equally as boys and men. I see this in everyday life and in the films we watch...”

SDG 5: Gender equality

Aiturgan Djoldoshbekova is participating in a school-based programme to empower girls and change attitudes to prevent bride kidnapping and early and/or forced marriages. Her mother, Aigul Alybaeva, supports her daughter’s work. Read more»

See also: Religious leaders at the forefront of ending gender-based violence in Ethiopia

Balla Mariko. Photo: UN Women/Gaoussou Cherif Haidara

“In Mali, violence against women has reached a point that we couldn’t have imagined before. We are burying our sisters today, tomorrow it could be our daughters...”

SDG 5: Gender equality

Balla Mariko, 40, a father of two young daughters and a son, is a member of a Malian network of men and women working to end domestic violence and promote women’s rights. Read more»


Videos

Sarah’s Story: Improving essential services for survivors of violence against women and girls

Despite extensive commitment by women’s organizations, governments and other partners, many women and girls subjected to various forms of violence still lack access to essential services. This lack of access to such services by women and girls means that they continue to suffer from the physical and mental impacts of violence. To improve the quality of and access to essential multi-sectorial services UN Women has partnered with four UN agencies to develop the Joint Global Programme on Essential Services.


Ending Violence against women and girls: If not you, who?

Violence against women remains one of the most pervasive global human rights violations. The Sustainable Development Goals include the elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls as a specific target. UN Women, together with all its partners, is working to support countries in the area of comprehensive laws and policies for ending violence, prevention, provision of quality essential services and improved data collection and analysis.


Stories

Women ride a Meri Seif Bus in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Photo: UN Women/Marc Dozier

Making public transport safe for women and girls in Papua New Guinea
In Papua New Guinea, more than 90 per cent of women and girls have experienced some form of violence when accessing public transport. UN Women’s Safe Public Transport for Women and Children has launched safe buses, trained transport authorities and engaged communities in awareness raising.

See also: Hacking to combat sexual harassment in Philippines

embers of Y.Change, Le Thi Yen and Trang. Photo: Duong Long

Young people in Viet Nam organize to end dating violence
The first-ever survey on dating violence in Viet Nam showed that almost 59 per cent of young women have experienced violence perpetrated by their partners. Presented with the findings of the survey, the CEDAW Committee has recommended the Government to review the criminal law and penalize all forms of violence against women, including dating violence.

See also: From where I stand: Elizabeth Chatuwa

Photos: UN Women/Ikechukwu Attah

Rebuilding lives after Boko Haram
More than 2,000 girls and women have been abducted by Boko Haram in Nigeria. The international community continues to advocate for their safe return. But after the girls are back, what happens to them? What happens to the children of rape and their young mothers? A programme by UN Women is working to ensure that the humanitarian response addresses the specific and unique needs of women and girls.

See also: From where I stand: Francesca De Antoni


Marina and her children in the My Home Crisis Centre in Temirtau, Kazakhstan. Photo: UN Women Kazakhstan Multi-Country Office

Kazakhstan’s domestic violence crisis centres save lives, need funds
Under-funded and facing huge demand for their services, non-state domestic violence centres offer women anonymity, confidentiality and comprehensive housing, psychosocial and legal support.

See also: From where I stand: Maia Țaran, Survivors of violence find hope in shelters in Ethiopia

An anonymous trafficking victim. Photo: UNICEF/Shehzad Noorani

Advocacy and laws confront trafficking across the Arab States
A three-year anti-trafficking programme supported by the UN Trust Fund to End Violence against Women is boosting legal enforcement against the crime in Egypt, Jordan and Morocco.

See also: UN Women Goodwill Ambassador Emma Watson shines spotlight on need to end child marriages, In Brazil, new law on femicide to offer greater protection

Women only buses known as ‘Atenea buses’ in Mexico City. Photo: UN Women/Juan Luis Cedeñoy

Improving women’s safety in Mexico City
In Mexico City, nine in ten women have experienced violence in public transport. Through the “Mexico City Safe City and Safe Public Spaces for women and girls” programme, UN Women is promoting women’s safety, including through women-only buses.


News

Watch an archived webcast of the UN's Official Commemoration for International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women


Speeches and statements

“The price of no change is unacceptable”
In a statement for International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, UN Women Executive Director Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka highlighted the importance of national and international commitment to and investment in ending violence against women and girls.



Publications

Why money matters in efforts to end violence against women and girls

Why money matters in efforts to end violence against women and girls
This short advocacy briefing aims to highlight some of the costs to national economies and households of violence against women and girls. It also gives some examples of how strategic investments to address this violence can make a concrete and long-lasting difference in lives of women and girls as well as their communities.


10 essentials for addressing violence against women

Package of Essentials for Addressing Violence against Women: General essentials, essentials for prevention, essentials for services provision to survivors and key reference documents
The briefs included in this package aim to present in a friendly way the essential strategies for addressing violence against women in general, preventing violence, and providing services to survivors in particular. The last brief includes a compilation of resources developed by UN Women and partners to end violence against women and girls.


A Framework to underpin action to prevent violence against women

A framework to underpin action to prevent violence against women
Prevention cannot be a short-term effort, but rather an endeavour that requires ongoing commitment from governments and other stakeholders, increased research to inform and monitor progress, and persistent action that addresses violence against women at its source. The joint UN framework draws together contemporary knowledge and practice in violence prevention. Its focus is on addressing the root causes as well as risk and protective factors associated with violence against women.


Join the conversation

Say no to violence against women social media twibbon

Orange your profile picture to show your support!

Help us raise awareness about gender-based violence and the need for funding to stop it.

Spread the word on all social media platforms using the hashtags #orangetheworld and #16days! You can get orange graphics, infographics and sample messages here.

Join the ‘Orange the World’ Event page on Facebook now and post photos and actions happening in your country during the 16 Days of Activism.



See previous In Focus packages on ending violence against women: 2015, 2014, 2013, 2012, 2011

Notes

[1] Anke Hoeffler and James Fearon, Benefits and Costs of the Conflict and Violence Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda, 2014, available at http://docplayer.net/20788510-Benefits-and-costs-of-the-conflict-and-violence-targets-for-the-post-2015-development-agenda.html

[2] Duvvury et al, Estimating the Costs of domestic violence against women in Viet Nam.

[3] Anke Hoeffler and James Fearon, Benefits and Costs of the Conflict and Violence Targets for the Post-2015 Development Agenda, 2014, available at http://docplayer.net/20788510-Benefits-and-costs-of-the-conflict-and-violence-targets-for-the-post-2015-development-agenda.html

[4] Kathryn Anderson Clarke; Andrea Biddle and Sandra Martin, 2002. A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the Violence against Women Act of 1994. VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN, Vol. 8, No. 54, April 2002, 417-428

[5] Nata Duvvury, Stacey Scriver, Seema Vyas and Sinead Ashe, 2016, http://asiapacific.unwomen.org/en/digital-library/publications/2016/06/estimating-resource-requirements