UN Women stresses women’s role in water management at the Water for Life Conference
Over 900 government representatives of UN Member States, experts, academics, and members of international, civil society and private sector organizations from more than 100 countries gathered in Dushanbe, Tajikistan, from 9-10 June to review the Implementation of the International Decade for Action “Water For Life” (2005-2015), a global initiative for international cooperation in water management launched by the Government of Tajikistan 10 years ago.
In opening remarks to the High-Level Conference, the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon said future water scarcity requires more consolidated efforts and both urgent and long-term measures.
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stressed that safe drinking water and sanitation is a human right and to which all people must have equal access. In his opening remarks, he said “the burden of gathering drinking water falls largely on women and girls ... [and] inadequate sanitation facilities also affect the education and economic productivity of women and girls, not to mention their dignity and personal safety.”
“One vital connection is women’s empowerment,” he continued. “Inadequate water supply and sanitation cost economies USD 260 billion worldwide every year. And just 10 years from now, 1.8 billion people will live in areas with absolute water scarcity. … It is little wonder that many global experts have called the ‘water crisis’ one of the greatest global risks that we face.”
Ingibjorg Gisladottir, UN Women Regional Director for Europe and Central Asia, called on delegates at the conference to take practical action to involve women and men equally in the management of water and sanitation and access-related questions. With regard to financing for development in the water sector, she urged “decisions on public spending and priority-setting to be participatory and inclusive with adequate space and resources for women’s organizations to participate and influence outcomes.”
Ms. Gisladottir also referred to the recently concluded Beijing+20 global review and the UN Women World Survey on the Role of Women in Development in her speech to address the key role of women in framing a sustainable agenda for water and sanitation issues.
A Women Water Forum, organized by UN Women with partners and held as a pre-conference event on 8 June, gave civil society organizations and key stakeholders an opportunity to discuss and highlight women’s specific and key role in water management.
“Access to and use of water is a key issue which we address when supporting rural women to realize joint economic initiatives to improve the livelihoods of their families,” said forum participant Muyasara Bobokhanova, Head of the Association Women and Society, a UN Women partner in Tajikistan.
The outcome document adopted at the Women Water Forum preceding the international conference proposes the establishment of a Women for Water Fund as a flexible co-financing mechanism, an International Women for Water Year (2017) and a UN Women for Water Day (2017) as concrete measures to express political commitment. The year 2017 coincides with the 25th anniversary of the Dublin Statement on Water and Sustainable Development whose third principle (out of four) acknowledges the central part that women play in the provision, management and safeguarding of water.
The conclusions of the conference will directly feed into the post-2015 agenda to be cemented at an upcoming High-Level United Nations Summit in September.