In Ethiopia, church bells ring for women and girls
In northern Ethiopia, 100 religious leaders are speaking in unison, on one issue.
“As a priest, people listen to me and that gives me a position to speak out against gender-based violence,” says Melakesina, priest and head of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church in Kobo district in northern Ethiopia. He is one of the religious leaders who participated in trainings on gender-based violence and are now preaching against violence.
With 45 million members, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church has powerful influence on Ethiopian society. UN Women forged an initiative with the Church in two districts, Woldia and Kobo, in the northern Amhara region. Aiming to reach a broad population, the project involves in-depth training workshops that engage religious leaders to take the lead to end violence against women and girls. At the trainings, the religious leaders learn about the causes and consequences of violence against women and strategies to prevent violence.
There is an urgent need for these trainings. According to population surveys, 68.4 per cent of Ethiopian women think that wife-beating can be justified and many women are unaware of laws against gender-based violence. As a consequence, few women seek support when facing violence.
"The training and the project raised issues that have too long been silenced. One of them is harmful traditional practices,” says Melakesina.
A harmful traditional practice common in Ethiopia is female genital mutilation (FGM). According to Government surveys, around 23 per cent of young girls in the country undergo this practice but the figure varies from region to region. In Amhara region, the figure is a high 47 per cent.
According to Melakesina, a common belief is that harmful traditional practices, such as FGM, are justified by religion, and he challenges it. “Harmful traditional practices are results of customs and have nothing to do with religion,” he states.
Through the project, the Ethiopian Orthodox Church works to raise awareness on gender-based violence in communities. It supports gender school clubs where students regularly come together to discuss how to prevent violence against women in school communities. Female students at risk of early marriage or those that have fled such a marriage receive financial support to continue their studies.
Through permanent billboards, messages against gender-based violence are being widely spread in the two districts, including in the schools.
“I didn’t dare to tell anyone about the rape. To go to the police was not an option… but now all the women here know. It has given me peace of mind to share with them,” says Kebedech,* a rape survivor from Woldia and a beneficiary of the project. Raped when she was 14 years old when selling snacks on the roadside, today at 28, she is a mother of a 13-year-old son as a result of the rape.
Kebedech and 86 other survivors of violence have also received vocational training through the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. As many survivors find it difficult to gain paid employment, the training supports them and reduces their risk of poverty and further violence.
By adopting a holistic approach involving religious leaders, survivors of violence and students, the Church is working hard to raise awareness and prevent violence against women. Priest Melakesina is eager to use the knowledge he gained at the trainings and sees himself integral in ending the cycle of violence against women.
“Many members of the congregation come to me when they have problems. With knowledge on gender-based violence, I intervene and try to prevent it from happening,” he says. “Priests have a major role to play in ending gender-based violence.